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FDLP Resource Guides
Beginning summer 2023, we are updating our guides. You may notice changes to the look and feel of our existing guides. If you have any questions or experience any issues, please contact askGPO.

Elections and Voting Rights

Overview

Congressional elections occur every two years for all members of the U.S. House of Representatives and every six years for each class of Senators (a rotating one-third of senatorial seats are up for elections every two years). Check out past and current election trends, and learn about the current members of Congress.

Opening session, 60th Congress, Speaker Cannon taking oath of office

Photograph of the opening session of the 60th Congress as Speaker Cannon takes the oath of office in 1907 (Source: Library of Congress)

Representation of U.S. Territories

Currently, five delegates represent American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands, and one resident commissioner represents Puerto Rico. They have the "same powers as other members of the House, except that they may not vote when the House is meeting as the House of Representatives."^

^House.gov

Congressional Election Information

Learn more about congressional election information, which includes U.S. Government resources on past congressional election statistics, recent American electorate voting trends, and current members of Congress.


Screenshot of "Congressional, State, and Local Elections" website

Congressional, State, and Local Elections

USA.gov 

  • For an overview about the different types of elections, visit this online resource. Learn more about upcoming elections happening on the local, state, and congressional levels.
Screenshot of "Constitutional Qualifications" website

Constitutional Qualifications

U.S. House of Representatives 

  • This website discusses the qualifications for a person to campaign for a congressional seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. 
Screenshot of "Contacting U.S. Senators" website

Contacting U.S. Senators

U.S. Senate 

  • Find a senator of the current U.S. Congress by state, name of senator, or senatorial class. This resource also includes a timeline of each state and its senators.
Screenshot of "Directory of Representatives" website

Directory of Representatives

U.S. House of Representatives 

  • Look up a current U.S. House of Representative by state and district or by last name. The directory links to each Representative's homepage.
Screenshot of "Election Statistics: 1920 to Present" website

Election Statistics: 1920 to Present

U.S. House of Representatives 

  • View the official vote counts for Federal elections since 1920. Information includes voting tabulations for each district of every state each state and territory. 
Screenshot of "Qualifications & Terms of Service"

Qualifications & Terms of Service

U.S. Senate

  • Learn about the qualifications and terms of service for a U.S. Senator.
Screenshot of "Who Votes? Congressional Elections and the American Electorate: 1978-2014" report

Who Votes? Congressional Elections and the American Electorate: 1978–2014

U.S. Census Bureau 

  • This publication by the U.S. Census Bureau provides detailed information on presidential and congressional elections of voting-age citizens from its Voting and Registration Supplement to the Current Population Survey, which the Census Bureau fields every two years.