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Presidential Documents


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Catalog of U.S. Government Publications

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This guide provides documents and links to documents about the office of the President of the United States of America. While most of the links are to government documents and websites, some of the resources are not government documents.  The tab Presidents and Presidential History contains links to known manuscript collections of Presidents. We hope you find this information to be useful.

Constitutional Guidance for the Office of the President

Section. 1.

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected . . .

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." 

Section. 2.

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section. 3.

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section. 4.

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

Presidents of the United States

George Washington (1789–1797)

John Adams (1797–1801)

Thomas Jefferson (1801–1809)

James Madison (1809–1817)

James Monroe (1817–1825)

John Quincy Adams (1825–1829)

Andrew Jackson (1829–1837)

Martin Van Buren (1837–1841)

William Henry Harrison (1841)

John Tyler (1841–1845)

James Polk (1845–1849)

Zachary Taylor (1849–1850)

Millard Fillmore (1850–1853)

Franklin Pierce (1853–1857)

James Buchanan (1857–1861)

Abraham Lincoln (1861–1865)

Andrew Johnson (1865–1869)

Ulysses S. Grant (1869–1877)

Rutherford B. Hayes (1877–1881)

James Garfield (1881)

Chester Arthur (1881–1885)

Grover Cleveland (1885–1889)

Benjamin Harrison (1889–1893)

Grover Cleveland (1893–1897)

William McKinley (1897–1901)

Theodore Roosevelt (1901–1909)

William H. Taft (1909–1913)

Woodrow Wilson (1913–1921)

Warren Harding (1921–1923)

Calvin Coolidge (1923–1929)

Herbert Hoover (1929–1933)

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933–1945)

Harry S. Truman (1945–1953)

Dwight Eisenhower (1953–1961)

John F. Kennedy (1961–1963)

Lyndon Johnson (1963–1969)

Richard Nixon (1969–1974)

Gerald Ford (1974–1977)

Jimmy Carter (1977–1981)

Ronald Reagan (1981–1989)

George H. W. Bush (1989–1993)

William J. Clinton (1993–2001)

George W. Bush (2001–2009)

Barack Obama (2009–2017)

Donald J. Trump (2017–2021)

Joseph Biden (2021–present)